Thursday, July 30, 2015

Alarm over 'timber grab' from Cambodia's protected forests
29 July 2015

Ancient, highly valuable forests are being lost at an "unprecedented" rate from protected lands in Cambodia, according to a new report.
The analysis, from campaign group Forest Trends, says that large corporations are using legitimate development permits to illegally clear land.
Around 2,000 sq km of forests are being lost every year, they say.
Effective governance of the forests in Cambodia has broken down, they argue.
Forests have long been a big issue of concern in Cambodia and across south east Asia.
In the 1990s, timber concessions were granted by the government and a rapid deforestation ensued, so much so that by 2005 the country had the third highest rate in the world.
Protests from the international community forced the Cambodian government to act and logging permits were significantly restricted.
But environmental campaigners say that the felling of trees in large numbers has continued by different means.
In their latest report, Forest Trends say that the government has in recent years granted what are termed Economic Land Concessions (ELC) to large agri-business companies who want to develop the land.
Under the guise of creating a rubber plantation for instance, the trees are cleared and exported. On many occasions the plantations never materialise.
According to the study around 14% of Cambodia has been allocated to domestic and foreign corporations for development. Around 80% of that land is in protected parks and forests.
The report says that about 1.1 million hectares of concession areas were awarded to purported rubber plantations, compared with 150,000 for sugar and about 100,000 for pulp and paper.

"This is illegal by Cambodia's own laws and regulations," Kerstin Canby from Forest Trends told BBC News.
"If my interests are just to get the timber out, I would go to the Ministry of Agriculture get an ELC and clear cut the entire forest and then I can state that I am going to plant something, but who's going to punish me if I don't?"
The researchers have used data from the government along with images of over 32,000 forest fires from Nasa satellites in 2012-13.
This showed that carbon emissions from evergreen forests cut down in concession areas are almost ten times greater than those outside, confirming that it is the oldest and most valuable trees that are being targeted.
The authors say that most of the timber is exported to Vietnam and China - some of it may end up being sold to other parts of the world.

"We are basically setting up these 'cancer cells' in the best forest areas and this is getting out of hand, the whole rule of law in the sector is melting away," Marcus Hardtke, an expert on forest issues in Cambodia told BBC News.
"What happens is that the companies set up sawmills within the concession areas, but they basically go outside and grab everything and buy from other areas, they bring it into the concession and they launder it via the concession - this can go on for 2 or 3 years, they clean out the whole area."
As part of global climate talks, the UN has been promoting the idea of REDD+, the reduction of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
Under this programme developing countries, like Cambodia, can get financial support from donors to keep their forests and the carbon they store, intact.
But the REDD+ programme is seen as ineffective in preventing the corruption and lack of legal capacity that Forest Trends say is widespread in Cambodia.
"They have websites and newsletters but it is all irrelevant," said Marcus Hardtke.
"The house is burning but they are discussing the colour of the curtains."
Follow Matt on Twitter @mattmcgrathbbc.





Angkor Borei






The Phnom Penh Post on July 30,2015


The Phnom Penh Post on July 30, 2015

ល្មមដល់ពេលហើយ!

សទ្ធិសញ្ញាក្រុងប៉ារីស២៣តុលាជាគោលម៉េចនាំគ្នាបិតមាត់?


The Phnom Penh Post on July 30, 2015

 សក្តិច្រើនដោយសារច្បាំងជាមួយយួនមែនទេ?
ឬបានសម្លាប់រាស្ត្រខ្មែរ?



ព្រឺទ្ធាចារ្យ បាយ័នសុរិយា

ព្រឺទ្ធាចារ្យ បាយ័ន​សុរិយា សរសេរថា​៖

ភូតច្រើនចាញ់អាត្មា!
ដល់វេលាដែលត្រូវសារភាពហើយ ម៉ែអាថ្លែន!

បញ្ហាយួនឈ្លានពានព្រំដែនជាបញ្ហាក្តៅគគុក។​ បក្សពួកគាំទ្រផ្កាប់មុខ​មេប្រជាធិបាត់ដី​ស៊ី ​រាងសម នៅប្រទេស​បារាំងបានពួនមុខតែលេច​គូថកណ្តាលរៀបចំបាតុកម្មមួយដ៏​​រប៉េះរប៉ោះកាលពីថ្ងៃអាទិត្យទី២៨ មិថុនា​២០១៥ ម្សិល​មិញនៅទីលានត្រូកាដេរ៉ូ។​ ប្រភពវ័ល្លត្អើក​ បាន​​ និយាយខ្សឹបដាក់មីក្រូថា បើសិនណាជាមានមនុស្សចូលរួមច្រើនកុះ​ករ​​ នោះ  ពួកគេនឹងចេញមុខយ៉ាងចំហរថាគឺពួកគេជាអ្នករៀបចំ​បាតុកម្ម​នេះ ពីព្រោះនៅក្នុងបាតុកម្មនោះគេបាន​សង្កេត​ឃើញថាមាន​ថ្នាក់ដឹក​នាំបក្សពួកគេនោះចូលរួមយ៉ាងរប៉េះរប៉ោះដ៏គួរសមដែរ។ ប៉ុន្តែ ​ ហ៊ឹះ​ចង្រៃយ៍អី ម្សិល​មិញមានមនុស្សចូលរួមមិនបានគ្រប់ចំនួនដែលគេចង់ បាននោះ  គេបានឲ្យគ្នាប្រកាសក្តែងៗថាបាតុកម្មនេះមិនមែន​រៀប​​ចំ​ដោយក្រុមអ្នកប្រជាធិបាត់ដីផ្កាប់មុខប៉ាធានស៊ី រាងសម ទេ គឺថារៀប​ចំដោយក្រុមខ្មែរអ្នកស្នហាជាតិ១ ក្រុមទៅ​វិញ ក៏ប៉ុន្តែមានកូដ​សម្ងាត់​ផ្តាំពីអំពេញមកថាសុំកុំនិយាយអ្វីឲ្យប៉ះពាល់ដល់ក្រុម​អ្នកដឹកនាំបក្ស​នៅអំពេញឲ្យសោះ​កុំឲ្យខូចវ៉ាប់ប៉ាធើសន្ទនា (sic)  ហេ! ហេ!​ នេះគឹ​ជាក្រុមអ្នកផ្កាប់មុខផ្ងារគូថប្រជាធិបបាត់ដីដែលដឹកនាំដោយ​ លោក​​ប៉ាធានស៊ី រាងសម ហើយ!!! 

តើដល់វេលាដែលត្រូវសារភាព​​ហើយ​ឬនៅ ម៉ែអាថ្លែន???
គេថាភូតច្រើន ចាញ់អាត្មាណាញោម!!!

ដោយបំណងល្អពីព្រឺទ្ធាចារ្យ បាយ័ន​សុរិយា​ (២៩/០៦/២០១៥)